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Executive Systems Problem Oriented Language

EXECUTIVE SYSTEMS PROBLEM ORIENTED LANGUAGE (ESPOL) was a high-level programming language for business data processing on the UNIVAC 1100/2200 series computers in the 1970s. The language featured an English-like syntax and strong file handling capabilities. ESPOL's design included hierarchical file structures, which helped businesses organize large volumes of data efficiently. Despite being popular with many UNIVAC users, ESPOL's support waned as demand shifted to more portable languages like COBOL and database systems equipped with SQL.