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Hibernate

Hibernate is an object-relational mapping (ORM) application framework for the Java programming language. It simplifies the interaction between Java applications and SQL databases to manage data efficiently and avoid writing complex database queries by hand. The framework provides mapping of Java classes to database tables (and vice-versa), data query and retrieval facilities, plus performance optimization strategies such as caching. By providing a way to express query logic in a natural, object-oriented manner using domain-specific objects instead of direct SQL manipulation, Hibernate helps developers create more maintainable applications while making them less sensitive to changes in the underlying data store schema.

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