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MongoDB is a cross-platform document-oriented database program, classified as a NoSQL database. Instead of using tables and rows as in relational databases, MongoDB is built on an architecture of collections and documents. Each database can have multiple collections, which store data in JSON-like documents with dynamic schemas (BSON format), making the integration of data easier and faster. The software was first released to production in 2009 by 10gen, which later changed its name to MongoDB Inc., then later to MongoDB. Since opening source code under the GNU AGPL it has been widely adopted by businesses and organizations from various industries due to its flexibility, scalability with horizontal scaling through sharding and ease of use for developers working within modern application stacks.