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Rapira is a programming language and IDE for educational purposes. It was developed in the Soviet Union in 1986 as part of the Robotechnics Project for teaching computer programming to students. The Rapira language is based on PASCAL, with additional built-in commands for robot control. The platform provided an environment where students could write programs to control simulated robots; these robots would then perform tasks on a graphical playing field displayed in real time. The educational system became popular across the USSR and later some Eastern European countries but has been largely superseded by more modern platforms using Python or JavaScript.