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JavaFX is an application framework for creating and delivering desktop applications. JavaFX extends the capabilities of its predecessor, Swing, with support for hardware-accelerated graphics, animations, and media. The framework enables developers to build user interfaces using declarative XML-based markup language called FXML or programmatically in Java code. JavaFX applications can integrate with web services through its WebView component, supporting HTML5 features and JavaScript communication between the web content and Java code. The framework is part of Oracle's JDK distribution but has been deprecated in recent versions as focus shifts towards more open-source alternatives within the broader community-driven ecosystem surrounding the development kit.